Acute Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
Dr. Sarang Lambat, Dr. Vinay Nangia
Suraj Eye Institute, 559 New Colony, Nagpur
A female, 39 years of age, came with sudden blurring of vision in right eye since 10 days. She didn’t have any systemic illness. Her best corrected visual acuity was 6/36 in right eye and 6/6 in the left eye. Anterior segment examination was normal in both eyes. Intraocular pressure recorded by Goldmann applanation tonometer was 18 mmHg in both eyes. Fundus examination revealed a blister like elevation at the posterior pole in the right eye and left eye was normal. Patient underwent fluorescein angiography and SDOCT
On the basis of these findings she was diagnosed as acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). She was advised to undergo focal laser to the site of leakage which was done on the same day. We document the resolution of the CSC with serial SDOCT scans. Her BCVA improved to 6/6 at the last follow up.
This patient had a typical acute idiopathic CSC and a significant amount of fluid at the macula. CSC is the fourth most common disease of retina associated with fluid leakage (after neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic macular oedema, and retinal vein occlusion). Cases of CSC generally undergo spontaneous resolution over a period of many months.
This patient had a significant drop in vision and had high visual requirements as per her profession. Hence we went ahead with focal laser photocoagulation of the leak. The patient responded well to the intervention, and there was complete resolution of the fluid in less than two months. Intervention can be justified in such cases with high visual requirements and has been documented to enhance the resolution of fluid within a shorter duration. Laser energy should be titrated to the minimum so as to avoid the potential side effects.
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Dr. Sarang Lambat
Suraj Eye Institute
Email – firstname.lastname@example.org